What’s the Past Tense of Tell: Understanding Simple Past Tense Usage

  • The past tense of “tell” is “told”, which is used for actions completed in the past.
  • Told” also serves as the past participle of “tell,” crucial for perfect tense constructions.
  • The verb “to tell” has diverse uses, from past tense narration to past participle in perfect tenses.

The past tense of “tell” is an important grammatical element, often used to describe events that have been completed in the past. The past tense of this verb is “told,” a term frequently used in daily conversation and writing.

Whether you’re sharing a story, giving an account of past events, or relaying messages others have shared with you, knowing the difference between “tell” and “told” is essential.

What’s the Past Tense of Tell?

Tell is a commonly used verb in English which pertains to the act of conveying information. Learning its correct past tense form is fundamental for proper grammar.

Table 1: Verb Conjugation of “Tell”

TenseForm
PastTold

In the English language, verbs can have several forms depending on the tense in which they are used. “Tell” adopts the form “told” when used in the past tense, which indicates an action that has been completed.

Table 2: Examples of “Tell” in Sentences

TenseExample Sentence
PastShe told us about her vacation.

When constructing a sentence with “tell” in the past tense:

  • Use “told” for all persons, whether singular or plural.

    • I told
    • You told
    • He/She/It told
    • We told
    • They told
  • The verb “tell” does not change form based on subject when used in the past tense.
  • “Told” also serves as the past participle of “tell.”

Forms of the Verb Tell

As an irregular verb, “tell” does not adhere to the standard patterns of tense changes, making it important to memorize its forms.

Below are tables showcasing the primary tenses for the verb “tell”.

In the simple past tense, “tell” becomes “told”:

SubjectVerb
I/he/she/ittold
You/we/theytold

When considering the past participle form used in perfect tenses, “tell” remains “told”:

TenseExample
Past Perfecthad told
Present Perfecthave/has told
Future Perfectwill have told

For continuous or progressive forms that require a present participle, “tell” transforms into “telling”:

  • Present Continuous: am/is/are telling
  • Past Continuous: was/were telling
  • Future Continuous: will be telling
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The verb “tell” also appears in modal forms where it retains the base form or changes according to the tense of the modal verb:

  • Can tell (ability in the present)
  • Could have told (ability in the past)
  • Must tell (obligation in the present)

The simple future tense utilizes “will” or “shall” with the base form:

  • I will tell
  • She will tell

Tell vs Told: What’s the Difference?

“Tell” is the base form of the verb, used for the present tense or the imperative form, which is when one gives an order or instruction. For example:

  • She tells the truth.
  • Tell me your name.

On the other hand, “told” is the past tense and past participle form of “tell.” It is used to describe something that has already happened. Instances include:

  • She told the truth yesterday.
  • He had told me his name before.

Below are two tables that encapsulate the uses and forms of “tell” and “told”:

Tell: Usage and Examples

TenseUseExample
PresentFact or instructionShe tells a story.
ImperativeCommandTell me now.

Told: Usage and Examples

TenseUseExample
Past SimplePast eventHe told the joke.
Past ParticipleCompleted action in perfect tensesShe has told the secret.
  • Tell is to express or communicate information in the present.
  • Told is used for narrating past events or actions that have been completed.

The Verb “To Tell” in Sentence Examples

Here are various sentence examples featuring the verb “to tell” in the past tense:

  • Simple Past Tense:
    He told me about his trip to Paris.
    She told a fascinating story.

Utilizing different tenses provides context and clarity to the actions. Here’s how “told” is implemented in different past tenses:

TenseSentence Example
Simple PastThey told us the news last night.
Past ProgressiveWhile we were eating, she was telling jokes.
Past PerfectBy the time I called, he had already told everyone.
Past Perfect ProgressiveThey had been telling tales all evening before the guests arrived.
  • Past Progressive:
    • They were telling stories when the power went out.
  • Past Perfect:
    • After the meeting had ended, I realized she had told an incomplete version of the events.
  • Past Perfect Progressive:
    • He had been telling the same anecdote for years, and it never got old.
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The past tense “told” can also be seen in indirect speech examples:

  • Direct speech: “I have a plan,” he said.
  • Indirect speech: He told me that he had a plan.

In conclusion, mastering the past tense of the verb “to tell” is essential for clear communication in English. The word “told” can be adapted to various past tenses to suit the context and convey the appropriate nuance of time and sequence in past narratives.

The Past Tense “Told” Used in Sentences

Examples of “told” in a sentence include:

  • She told the class about her vacation.
  • Thomas told me he would be late.
SubjectSentence with “told”
EmilyEmily told her friend a secret.
The guideThe guide told the tourists about the landmark’s history.

To illustrate the verb in context, observe the following uses:

  • Simple Past: “Yesterday, he told a joke that made everyone laugh.”
  • Past Perfect: “By the time she arrived, he had already told the news.”
  • Larry told his colleagues about the new policy.
  • My grandmother often told stories of her youth.
  • They told us that the park was closed on Mondays.

The Past Participle “Told” Used in Sentences

Usage in Perfect Tenses:

  • Present Perfect: She has told us about her trip to Spain.
  • Past Perfect: He had told the truth before they asked.
  • Future Perfect: By the end of the day, they will have told the whole story.

As an Adjective:

  • The told stories enriched the cultural festival.
  • His version of the events was the told tale that everyone knew.

In Passive Constructions:

  • The secrets were told reluctantly.
  • The message had been told in confidence.

The past participle “told” functions in multiple sentence structures, demonstrating its versatility in English language constructions.

Perfect TensesExample Sentence
Present PerfectThey have told their parents about the school event.
Past PerfectShe had told me about her decision yesterday.
Future PerfectBy this time next week, I will have told them the news.

Examples as an adjective or in passive voice demonstrate “told” providing additional information about the nouns in the sentences.

FunctionExample Sentence
AdjectiveThe told anecdotes were a hit at the dinner party.
Passive VoiceA new initiative was told to the committee this morning.
  • Versatility of “told”:

    • Present Perfect scenarios
    • Past experiences recounted
    • Future anticipations
  • Impact of “told” as an adjective:

    • Enhances descriptive quality
    • Provides clear past references
  • “Told” in passive voice:

    • Shifts focus to the action
    • Emphasizes the received action
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Synonyms of Tell

Narrate
When one recounts a story or describes a series of events in detail, they narrate. Narration often carries a sense of progression and connecting threads that bring characters and events to life.

Simple PastPast Participle
NarratedNarrated

Recount
To recount is to relay events more formally or systematically, typically focusing on facts rather than embellishing with stylistic elements.

Simple PastPast Participle
RecountedRecounted

Describe
Describing involves creating a vivid picture through words, often requiring a keen attention to detail that goes beyond a mere telling.

  • Past Tense: Described
  • Past Participle: Described

Chronicle
To chronicle is to record events in a factual and detailed manner, implying a comprehensiveness that may span a significant period of time.

  • Past Tense: Chronicled
  • Past Participle: Chronicled

Report
When one provides a spoken or written account that is typically meant to inform or provide data, they report the occurrences.

Simple PastPast Participle
ReportedReported

Divulge
Divulgence implies a revelation of information that is often sensitive or confidential.

  • Past Tense: Divulged
  • Past Participle: Divulged

State
One might state information, which carries a tone of formality and definitiveness, often used in declarations or to present facts clearly and concisely.

  • Past Tense: Stated
  • Past Participle: Stated

Idioms/Phrases with Tell

The phrase “tell it like it is” refers to speaking honestly and straightforwardly, without sugar-coating.

“Tell a white lie” means to say something that is not true, typically to avoid hurting someone’s feelings or to escape a trivial situation without causing harm.

“Tell tales” is an expression used when someone is gossiping or spreading stories, often exaggerated or untrue.

Here are two tables that categorize some idioms and phrases involving the word “tell”:

Common Idioms with “Tell”

IdiomMeaning
Tell it like it isTo speak frankly and truthfully
Tell a white lieTo say a harmless lie to avoid offense
Tell tales out of schoolTo reveal secrets or confidential information
Tell apartTo distinguish between two things

Phrases with “Tell” in Conversational Context

PhraseUsage in a Sentence
Tell the time“Can you tell the time on this watch?”
Tell the difference“I can tell the difference between the twins.”
Tell the truth“It’s important to always tell the truth.”
Tell me about it“I know it’s cold. Tell me about it, I’ve been outside all day!”

Origin of the Verb Tell

In English, the verb “tell” has its roots deeply embedded in historical linguistics. It derives from the Old English word tellan, which means “to count, recount, or relate.” The past tense of “tell” is “told”, which is considered an irregular verb because it does not follow the standard pattern of adding -ed to create its past forms.

Evolution of “Tell”:

  • Old English: tellan
  • Middle English: tellen
  • Modern English: tell

Old English to Modern English:

Old EnglishMiddle EnglishModern English
tellantellentell

The transition from Old English to Modern English saw many verbs simplify both their form and usage, “tell” being no different. Historical texts show the progression and adaptability of the word across various timelines.

Usage Over Time:

  • Old English: Usage often in the context of calculating or narrating.
  • Middle English: Expanded to include orders or instructions.
  • Modern English: Now encompasses revealing information or communicating.

The evolution of “tell” exemplifies the dynamism of the English language, highlighting how the meanings and forms of words alter over time.

Irregular verbs, such as “tell,” often retain their unique past and past participle forms due to their frequent use in the language. This frequency of use tends to preserve the original form of a word, keeping it from regularizing like less commonly used verbs.

Verbs Like “Tell”:

  • say – said
  • go – went
  • take – took

These verbs, like “tell,” have also withstood the gradual shifts in English verb conjugation patterns over the centuries, maintaining their irregular forms.

Sources

1. Harper, Douglas. “Etymology of tell.” Online Etymology Dictionary.

2. “Tell.” TheFreeDictionary.com. Farlex,

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