Silent consonants

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Some consonants like “b”,”g”. “gh”, “h”, “k”, “l”, “n”, “s”, “t” and “w” are silent in some words.

Examples: bright, know, half, two.


Complete the words with the correct silent consonants:

  1. –cissors
  2. Sc-ool
  3. –reath
  4.  Cas-le
  5. Sta-k
  6. –nob
  7. Com-
  8.  Slei-


Read the sentences. Circle all the silent consonants.

  1. The knight was frightened by the lightening last night.
  2. Don’t write the answers in the wrong column.
  3. He designed eight Christmas cards.
  4. The scientist stayed calm when he saw the ghost.
  5. The rhino is blowing a whistle beside the lamb.


Write two words with each silent consonant:

  1. b
  2. g
  3. gh
  4. h
  5. k
  6. l
  7. n
  8. s
  9. t
  10. w


(Answers may vary from individual to individual)

Hard and soft “c”

The consonant “c” usually has a hard sound.

Example: comecancall

When “c” is followed by “e”, “I”, or “y”, it is usually has a soft sound.

Example: cellcitycycle

Write a few words with hard “c” and soft “c”

Circus, cymbal, cereal , ice cream, candy

Hard and soft “G”

The consonant “g” usually has a hard sound.

Example: go guess goat

When “g” is followed by “e”, “I”, or “y”, it usually has a soft sound.

Examples: gesture, giraffe, gypsy

Write a few words with hard “g” and soft “g”

Goat, gate, gift, giraffe, gym

“y” as a vowel

When “y” comes at the end of a word with no vowel or in the middle of a word with no vowel except “e” at the end, it usually sounds like a long “I”

Examples: why try rhyme

Write/ say a few words that use “y” as a vowel with the long “I “sound.

Fly, cry, dye, my, every, spy, sky

When “y” comes at the end of a word with another vowel in it, it usually sounds like a long “e”.

Examples” many, story, happy

Say a few words that use “y” as a vowel with the long “e” sound.

Daisy, angry, monkey, diary, mummy

Posted By: Noble Augustine Category: Speaking

English Teacher Website

About Noble Augustine

 An English teacher in Canada Mr. Noble Augustine is currently working with  Calgary Catholic Immigration Society. He started his career as a teacher in English in 2001 after completing his M A in English from St. Berchmans College, Changanacherry .He secured the first rank for M Phil from School of Letters,  Mahathma Gandhi University in 2003. His subjects of interest are Theory and Practice of Translation, Modern and Postmodern poetry, Postcolonial Writing, Literary theory, and Communicative English. He has presnted many academic papers in various national and international seminars. Gothic Romance: Emile Bronte's Wuthering HeightsMoby Dick: A study in Megalomania, The Comic Paradise: A Rereading of Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Ernest, Politics and Geography in the Poetry of Kamala Das, The politics of Deconstruction, Rasa and Dhwani: the Essence of Eastern Aesthetics, The Trend of Multi-generic Parody in Malayalam Fiction:A Reading of Contemporary Short Stories in Malayalam. Facilitation Techniques for Adult Language Teaching etc, to name a few.  He has translated into English Aalakampadi (The Escort) a novel by B Murali, a well-known writer in Kerala, India . He worked as lecturer in English in two Libyan Universities: Omar al Mokhtar University,  and  University of Bengazi , where he also chaired the committee of  Quality Assurance, Assessment and Accreditation.  He guided and supervised the dissertation of Undergraduate Students and chaired the Viva Voce Examination. . He has also trained, supervised  and assessed teacher education students in their practical teaching. In 2011 he obtained his certificate as a Teacher of English as a Second Langauge  from Oxford Seminars.  He spends his free time in volunteering  as the Financial Secretary of  Knights of Columbus and as the  president of St.Mary's Family Unit in the parish of Mother Teresa Syro Malabar Church, Calgary, Alberta.   

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