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Principles of Curriculum Construction for English Language

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Curriculum is derived from Latin word "currere", which means to run and is literally translated to mean a racecourse. A racecourse is a course over which races are run, in that sense curriculum is a set of courses which takes the students to reach their goal.  Curriculum includes all aspects of education -intellectual, physical, social, emotional, cultural etc. Cunnigham has defined curriculum as a tool in the hands of an artist (teacher) to mould his material (the student) in accordance with his ideals in his studio (school).

The purpose of English language Curriculum should be to develop the personality of the students n enable them to face the challenges of their future lives n to participate in the process of globalisation. So we need an appropriate n complete curriculum to fulfill these purposes. We should keep in mind certain principles before formation of English language Curriculum.

Principles of Curriculum Construction

Some of the principles of curriculum construction are:

  1. Principle of interest-Modern educators are agreed that child is the central factor in the curriculum so the needs, interests, aptitudes of the child should be considered at the time of curriculum construction. 
  2. Principle of vividness and flexibility: curriculum should be flexible and adjustable according to the need of the students of every age and it should be revised frequently to meet the needs of modern times. 
  3. Principle of Activity-Curriculum should be activity oriented. Drills and practice should be emphasised, it should be dynamic and participation of teachers and students is must.
  4. Principle of Utility-The larger interest of human race must be reflected in the curriculum n those topics should be included which help in making the child an intelligent member of society. 
  5. Principle of correlation-There should be a correlation between different topics and one topic should be taught with the help of other topics. 
  6. Principle of Individual Differences-Today's need is child centred curriculum so we should not have same curriculum for each and every child .Curriculum should be formed on the basis of age, needs, ability and aptitude, mental and physical development of the child. 
  7. Principle of following Maxims of Teaching-The following maxims of teaching should be kept in mind when we are going to organise curriculum-the content of teaching should be arranged in a way from simple to complex, each content should be coordinated, accurate and correct. 
  8. Principle of proper use of Leisure-Curriculum should be organised according to the zeal and interest of the child. The leisure should not be misused child's mental and physical power should be used properly.

These are some principles of curriculum construction but sometimes teachers need to develop their own schemes of teaching to make curriculum relevant for the students through picture composition, story composition, poems, and dramatization.


  1. Geetha Nagaraj, English Language Teaching
  2. R .A. Sharma, Fundamentals of Teaching English.
  3. T.C. Baruah, The English Teacher's Handbook.


Posted By: Jaya Singh Category: Teaching Tips

English Teacher Website

About Jaya Singh

Dr. Jaya Singh Assistant Professor in B.Ed department Bora Institute of Management Sciences Lucknow(India)

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