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  • I would like to know how to teach the difference between " a little, a few, and "a lot". It is for my students.

    This topic is on quantifiers.

    We assume that the students have already learned ‘nouns’ in their previous lessons, and they can differentiate between the countable and uncountable nouns.

    If so, now you can introduce ‘quantifiers’ to them.  

    Introduce the quantifiers " a little, a few, and "a lots of through sentences that denote positive statements.

    We use a few with plural, countable nouns. For example, "I read a few pages."

    We use a little with uncountable nouns. For example, "I drank a little water."

    For example, We can say either a lot of or lots of before a countable noun. For example, "There are a lot of students here" or "There are a lot of people here". There isn't any difference between the expressions.

    You may then introduce “few” and “little” that denote negative statements.

    Drill the structures through substitution table.

  • How can I improve my listening skill?

    Listening is an important skill in language learning. However, listening only at a particular time and attempting exercises will not be a great help.  You can only improve by frequently listening anywhere, at any time.  Listening to dialogues, songs and watching movies are some of the ways to improve your listening skills.

  • How do I build confidence to speak in English with my friends?

     Many learners can speak some English with their tutors or their friends.  However, to be proficient in an impromptu speech, one needs to use the language frequently. With frequent interaction, I am sure you will feel confident and also comfortable if you have sufficient ability. 

  • How can I introduce English to my 1 year 3 months old baby girl?

     I have a suggestion- let your baby listen to nursery rhymes in English. Start straight away irrespective of her understanding. Secondly read to her a story in English every night before she sleeps. All other activities conduct in your native language. Then I think you are on a dedicated path. Slowly but surely she will learn English. Songs are a powerful tool for learning languages. English a must for all, but do not abdicate the native language

  • How can I improve my English?

    First of all, you need the passion and enthusiasm to better yourself. You should not be afraid to make mistakes.  As far as possible, immerse or surround yourself in English. Have a study schedule and practice all the four core skills: reading, writing, speaking and listening. You can read story books, newspapers, magazines, blogs, comics, English textbooks, instructions and ingredients on food packages, advertisements in English to help you to increase your vocabulary and knowledge on various topics.  Start off reading simple story books or stories that you enjoy reading. This will equip you with sufficient language knowledge to speak fluently in English. Listen to English songs – read the lyrics as you listen to the songs.

  • I like to watch English movies, but I do not understand them. What should I do?

    You may watch English movies with subtitles.  That is a good way of learning English, among students.  It is not only you get a fun time watching the movie, but you get to learn new words at the same time. You also get to know how to pronounce them.  

  • "It's time we go" - is the expression grammatically incorrect? Can you explain?

    if we write it, it can be read as grammatically incorrect, In speaking it doesn't matter as long as the meaning is communicated to the listener.
    If it is written within quotes, it is still okay.
    but if its written without quotes there is a grammatical mistake. the infinitive to is missing.
    we should say
    its time to go ..(or) ...its high time we go (or) it's time. let's go
    If its in past tense, you should say
    It was time, so we went.
     

  • How to make a noun from a verb?

    Verb → Noun word form

     

    VERB WORD FORM

    Nouns may be formed from verbs, adjectives or other nouns. The forms are often Latin or Greek in origin.  There is no simple rule for adding suffixes, but there are patterns.

     

    Our plane arrived at noon.

    The plane landed without difficulty.

    We departed on time.

    A bus transported us to our hotel comfortably.

    NOUN WORD FORM

    Adding a suffix to a verb form is one way of forming a noun.  A suffix is a part added to the end of a word. Examples of suffixes are listed below.                         

     

    The arrival of our plane was at noon.

    The landing was not difficult.

    Our departure was on time.

    The transportation was comfortable.

     

    derive (V) — come from a source or origin; derivation (N) the formation of a word from another word or base

     

    A suffix normally marks a word as an adjective, verb, or noun. A suffix is placed at the end of the word.   (Affixation includes: prefix (before) pre-pare; infix (between) [rare in English]; and suffix (after) prepara-tion.

  • What is the difference between the uses of ‘benefit’ and ‘advantage’?

    Let’s first examine the uses of the word ‘benefit’:

     

    benefit (noun)

    benefit (verb)

    child benefit (noun)

    cost–benefit (adjective)

    death benefit (noun)

    fringe benefit (noun)

    sickness benefit (noun)

    benefit of doubt (noun)

     

    1 benefit /ˈbɛnəˌfɪt/  noun

    Plural: benefits

    Learner's definition of BENEFIT

    1

    : a good or helpful result or effect

    [Count]

    The benefits of fresh air and sunshine

    A benefit of museum membership is that purchases are discounted.

    There are many financial benefits to owning your own home.

     [noncount]

    I see no benefit in changing the system now.

    We're lucky to be able to get the full benefit of/from her knowledge.

    These changes will be of benefit to all of you. [=will help/benefit all of you]

    2

    a : money that is paid by a company (such as an insurance company) or by a government when someone dies, becomes sick, stops working, etc.

    [count]

    He began collecting his retirement benefits when he was 65.

    a disability benefit

    (Brit) a family on benefits [=(US) on welfare; receiving money from the government because of a low income or lack of income]

    [noncount]

    He began collecting his retirement benefit when he was 65.

    (Brit) He is on housing/unemployment benefit.

    — see also child benefit, death benefit, sickness benefit

    b [count] : something extra (such as vacation time or health insurance) that is given by an employer to workers in addition to their regular pay : fringe benefit

    The company provides health (insurance) benefits.

    The job doesn't pay much, but the benefits are good.

    — often used before another noun

    a company with a good benefit plan/package/program

    3

    [count] : a social event to raise money for a person or cause

    The school is having/holding a benefit to raise money for a new gymnasium.

    a charity benefit

    — often used before another noun

    a benefit concert/dinner/event/performance

    have the benefit of

    : to be helped by (something) : to be able to use (something)

    Her judgment will be better when she has the benefit of more experience.

    the benefit of the doubt

    ◊ When people give you the benefit of the doubt, they treat you as someone who is honest or deserving of trust even though they are not sure that you really are.

    He might be lying, but we have to give him the benefit of the doubt and accept what he says for now.

    without the benefit of or US without benefit of

    : without the help of (something or someone)

    The band had to perform without benefit of a rehearsal.

    He was able to learn a great deal without the benefit of formal schooling.

    You shouldn't try to handle this problem without benefit of a lawyer.

    They lived together without (the) benefit of marriage. [=without being married]

    with the benefit of

    : with the help of (something) : by using (something)

    With the benefit of hindsight, he saw where he had made a mistake.

    She'll do better with the benefit of more experience.

    2 benefit /ˈbɛnəˌfɪt/ verb

    benefits; benefited also benefitted; benefiting also benefitting

    Learner's  Dictionary definition of BENEFIT

    1

    [+ object] : to be useful or helpful to (someone or something)

    The new plan may benefit many students.

    Medicines that benefit thousands of people

    These changes will benefit all of you. = All of you will be benefited by these changes.

    2

    [no object] : to be helped

    He'll benefit by having experiences I never did.

    — often + from

    I benefited from the experience.

    Many patients will benefit from the new drug.

    All of you will benefit from these changes.

    Some critics say that only wealthy people will benefit from the tax cuts.

     

    Now let’s examine uses of the word ‘advantage’:

     

    advantage /ədˈvæntɪʤ/ Brit /ədˈvɑːntɪʤ/ noun

    Plural: advantages

    Learner's Dictionary’s definition of ADVANTAGE

    1

    [count]

    a : something (such as a good position or condition) that helps to make someone or something better or more likely to succeed than others

    Higher ground gave the enemy the/an advantage.

    He has/enjoys an unfair advantage over us because of his wealth.

    His plan has the advantage of being less expensive than other options.

    [+] more examples

    b : a good or desirable quality or feature

    Being able to set your own schedule is one of the advantages of owning a business.

    Among the advantages of a small college is its campus life.

    — opposite disadvantage

    2

    [noncount] : benefit or gain

    There isn't any advantage in/to leaving early.

    She used her position for personal advantage. [=for personal gain; to help herself]

    The error was to our advantage. [=we were helped by the error]

    — opposite disadvantage

    ◊ If you turn/use something to your advantage or to good advantage, you use something in a way that is helpful to you.

    Is there a way to turn this situation to our advantage? [=is there a way to exploit this situation?; is there a way to take advantage of this situation?]

    3

    [noncount] tennis : the first point won after the score is tied at 40–40 — used to announce the person who has won the point

    Advantage Mr. Jones.

    take advantage of

    1

    : to use (something, such as an opportunity) in a way that helps you : to make good use of (something)

    We took advantage of the warm weather and did some yard work.

    They are taking advantage of an opportunity to travel.

    You should take (full) advantage of this opportunity while you can.

    2

    a : to ask for or expect more than is fair or reasonable from (someone) : to treat (someone who is generous or helpful) unfairly

    After a while, I began to think she was taking advantage of me.

    b : to use (something) unfairly for personal gain

    He took advantage of [=exploited] my lack of knowledge.

    She took advantage of our generosity.

    to advantage

    : in an attractive and appealing way

    The display shows off the collection to (good/best) advantage.

  • Why are some words starting with 'c' are pronounced with 'k' sound, for example 'cut' and some with 's' sound, for example 'city'?

    In the words with 'c' when followed by letters i, e, and y the letter will have 's' sound. Example : City, Cell, Cycle.

    When "c" is followed by all other letters it will keep the sound "k" example: cut, clap, cuisine .

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